BICKI Z., SOLIŃSKI J.
18. World Energy Congress World Energy Council, Buenos Aires, 21–25 October 2001
Energetyka 2002, no. 2, p. 51, 7 figs, refs 7General information on the 18. Congress of the World Energy Council is given. There are discussed programme of the congress and are presented conclusions and recommendations which take into account key energy phenomena and strategic challenges. Energy sector development in the Argentina ? the host of the 18. WEC is also characterised.
World Energy Resources on the Base of a Review Presented during the 18. WEC
Energetyka 2002, no. 2, p. 59, figs 6, refs 7
Energy reserves comprising non-renewable energy resources and renewable energy sources are presented. As it from performed review arises, in present century the world is not menaced by the deficit of energy fossil fuels and resources of renewable sources make a great reserve, which will rise with the technical development.
Problems of the Electric Energy Market and Energy Crisis in California in Light of 18. WEC Congress in the Argentina
Energetyka 2002, no. 2, p. 64, refs 3
Californian experiences proved, that in the reformed electric energy market of this state of the USA there was not used mechanism of generation and transmission development and mistakes were committed (disdained were principles of market functioning). The attention is paid to the fact, that there is necessary a state supervision of the electric energy market functioning and adequate regulatory activity.
Engagement of the Young Generation in the WEC Congress
Energetyka 2002, no. 2, p. 66
World Trends of the Power Sector Development
Energetyka 2002, no. 2, p. 68, 1 fig, 3 tabs, refs 14
There are presented world consumption, resources and sufficiency index of primary energy. The dramatic problem of liquid fuels is emphasised. There are given expected trends of primary energy use modification. Emphasised is growing up role of electricity and greater and greater dependence of every man in the world on the electricity supply. Present generation and use of the electricity all over the world is shown and an attention is paid to the geographically uneven distribution of electricity consumption and related problems. In order to assure the sustainable energy supply in the future the nuclear energy use is necessary for electric energy generation.
Development of the Energy Sector in Poland in Second Half of the 20th Century
Energetyka 2002, no. 2, p. 73, 11 figs, 13 tab., 11 refs
Basing on the best statistical data, the consumption of fuels and primary energy in Poland since 1950 to 2000 is presented. The data since 1970 can be regarded as verified ones. Earlier data may be are not so accurate, because of various statistical reasons. The primary energy use is presented according to the OECD methodology. For chosen energy carriers adequate natural units are given too (metric tons for coal and lignite, cubic meters for gas, TWh and MW for electricity). The commissioning dates for important energy objects are listed and for comparison some information on energy sector in Poland before 1939 is given. An information on GNP (gross national product) and intensity of energy consumption is also given. In the summary some about energy sector development are made.
Analysis of Regulatory Risk Rise in the Power and Property Policy Concerning an Investment Activity in the Power an Gas Industry Exemplified by the Dispersed Gas Cogeneration.
(A discussion paper)
Energetyka 2002, no. 2, p. 85
An effective, continuous resource allocation is in general a task of the market. Regulatory activity in the power industry however is to assure protection of the market energy carriers transmitted in grids against the dominant position of grid monopolists. Quality of the regulatory activity can be recognised by that, how much the market assures meeting the demand for the energy carriers in the grids, and simultaneously stimulates real allocation of the resources, including an investment structure. From the review of accidents in the world in last years arises, that regulatory activity can be more dangerous the a monopoly. In Poland risks of the regulatory activity, energy policy and state ownership supervision reach a level enabling rational investments, so effective resource allocation (too high regulatory barriers in relation to the barriers characteristic for competitive market make impossible use of achievable development in technology and economy).
GXO-LOVOS-5 and 10 kV - a New Product of the ABB
Zwar SA. Less of Spark-Gap Limiters of LV Voltage Overvoltages, with Varistors of Metal Oxides
Energetyka 2002, no. 2, p. 92, 4 figs
To Make Debtors Obedient
Energetyka 2002, no. 2, p. 94, 2 figs